Andrzej Wajda - mikilmenni međal Pólverja

Andrzej Wajda, sem nú er lát­inn, nírćđur ađ aldri, var snillingur í hópi kvik­mynda­leik­stjóra og mynd hans Aska og demantar (1958) ógleymanleg, ein sú bezta sem ég hef séđ. Síđasta stórvirki hans, Katyn (2007), um fjöldamorđ hersveita Rauđa hersins á stórum hluta liđsforingjastéttar Póllands í Katyn-skógi (stríđsglćpur sem Stalín kenndi nazistum um), á ég ţó enn eftir ađ sjá!

Frá Polish Film Academy:

Andrzej Wajda

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One of the best-known and most honoured Polish film directors, co-founder of the Polish Film School; also a prominent theatre director, writer and set designer. He was born in SuwaĹ‚ki in 1926. He spent the war in Radom, where he attended clandestine classes and briefly studied at a private school of painting, while working on the railroads. After the war, he studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow and directing at the State Film School in ŁódĹş. KanaĹ‚/Canal (1957) was his second feature film after Pokolenie/Generation (1954). After that, he madePopióĹ‚ i diament/Ashes and Diamonds (1958), which cemented his leading position in Polish and European cinema. In 1959, Wajda made his first colour film – Lotna, and in subsequent years, films such as Niewinni czarodzieje/Innocent Sorcerers (about the young people of the jazz generation, rebellious and lonely at the same time),Samson (the story of a Jew who escaped from the ghetto) and two foreign films: the Yugoslav Sibirska Ledi Magbet/Siberian Lady Macbeth and the Franco-German co-production MiĹ‚ość dwudziestolatków/Love at Twenty (1962).

Out of nearly forty films directed by Wajda, the most famous are his adaptations of Polish literary classics – including Stefan Zeromski’s PopioĹ‚y/The Ashes (1965), WyspiaĹ„ski’sWesele/The Wedding (1973), Ziemia obiecana/The Promised Land by Reymont (nominated for an Academy Award, 1974), Joseph Conrad's Smuga cienia/The Shadow Line (1976), Panny z Wilka/The Maids of Wilko by Iwaszkiewicz and Pan Tadeusz by Adam Mickiewicz (1999). He also gained great popularity with his political settlement films – CzĹ‚owiek z marmuru/Man of Marble (1978) andCzĹ‚owiek z ĹĽelaza/Man of Iron (awarded the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, 1981), Danton (1982) andKorczak (1990). For Katyn (2007), he was nominated for an Oscar.

Andrzej Wajda’s oeuvre represents a diverse auteur cinema. He draws from painting, Polish literature and Polish national tradition. In some of Wajda's films, the ideas were subject to numerous interventions by the censor during the Polish People's republic; they provoked heated discussions and disputes. In 2000, Andrzej Wajda was awarded an honorary Oscar, and in 2006 – the Berlin Golden Bear for Lifetime Achievement.

In 1979-1983, Wajda was the chairman of the Polish Filmmakers Association (he is honorary chairman now). He is also a member of the American and European Film Academy. In 1989-1991, he was a senator. He is the initiator and sponsor (using the Kyoto Award he received the 1987) of the Centre of Japanese Art and Technology "Manggha" in Krakow, and founder of Andrzej Wajda’s Master School of Film Directing, operating since 2002 in Warsaw.

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